Pages (10 results)Top
Sustainability Summer Minor and Certificate
Earn a comprehensive understanding of the most pressing issues facing the world today. The Energy and Resources Group’s Sustainability Minor/Certificate program offers a practical and relevant interdisciplinary approach at the ... Continue Reading »
Undergraduate Minor in Energy and Resources
The Minor in Energy and Resources offers undergraduates basic knowledge and skills to address issues arising from the interaction of social, economic, political, technical, and environmental factors shaping our world. ... Continue Reading »
Faculty (4 results)Top
Assistant Adjunct Professor
Dr. Jones is an Earth scientist who works at the interface of human and environmental systems. His research uses quantitative models and data analysis to understand climate change and human-Earth system interactions at decision-relevant scales. He also collaborates with social scientists and interacts closely with stakeholders to understand how science can effectively provide actionable insight into strategies for increasing resilience of energy water, food, and urban systems.
The focus of my work is carbon and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems and trace-gas flux between soil and atmosphere. I conduct research on soil carbon, global change, and the impacts of human activities on ecosystem processes.
Daniel Kammen is the Distinguished Professor of Energy with appointments in the Energy and Resources Group, The Goldman School of Public Policy, and the Department of Nuclear Engineering at the University of California, Berkeley.
- Energy Access
- Energy for Community Development
- Energy Supply
- Energy Transmission
- Latin America
- Life-cycle Impacts of Transportation
- Low-carbon Energy Systems
- Smart Grid
Associate Professor, ERG Chair
Dr. Callaway’s teaching focuses on power systems and energy efficiency. His research can be categorized in three areas: modeling and control of aggregated storage devices; power management; and system analysis of energy technologies and their impact.
Students (10 results)Top
Stephen is a Masters student at the Energy and Resources Group. His work focuses on the social, economic, and political dimensions of the clean energy transition. He is currently working ... Continue Reading »
Eleanor Adachi (she/her) is a Master’s student in both the Energy and Resources Group and the Goldman School of Public Policy at UC Berkeley and a NSF Graduate Research Fellow. ... Continue Reading »
Aaryaman “Sunny” Singhal is dual-degree student in the Energy and Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy at UC-Berkeley. He is interested in water security in the Western United ... Continue Reading »
Kate Altemus Cullen (she/her) is a fourth-year PhD candidate in the Energy & Resources Group and Fulbright-Hays Fellow. Her dissertation research examines the role of climate change in exacerbating issues ... Continue Reading »
Sam Miles is a Ph.D. student in the Energy and Resources Group, and in the Renewable and Appropriate Energy Lab at the University of California, Berkeley. His research focus is ... Continue Reading »
- Productive uses
Gbemi is a MS/PhD student in the Energy and Resources Group. Her primary research revolves around electricity systems planning and markets in Nigeria and West Africa with a focus on ... Continue Reading »
Jess Kersey is a fourth-year PhD student broadly interested in technology, regulation, and policy to improve energy access and climate adaptation efforts across multiple geographies including East Africa, Latin America, ... Continue Reading »
A Remote Sensing Method for Detecting Agents of Forest Disturbance (MA ’20) Marshall’s interests lie in environmental governance and ecology, in particular, the relationships among regulatory structure, conflict, and ecosystem ... Continue Reading »
Jesse Strecker is a researcher at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, a PhD candidate at UC Berkeley’s Energy and Resources Group, and an interdisciplinary political economist. They hold an MPP ... Continue Reading »
- ecological economics
- environmental justice
- Heterodox Economics
Alumni (33 results)Top
Cultivating Partnerships: Pest Control and The Use of Integrated Pest Management on Small Farms in San Joaquin County, California (MS ’97) Contact: email@example.com ALUMNI SPOTLIGHT: What have you been working ... Continue Reading »
- Clean Water Act
- coal mining and the environment
- landfill gas-to-energy projects
- Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act
- total maximum daily loads
What are the Best Practices for Rapid and Just Energy Transition? (MS ’22) Priyanka earned her Masters of Science with the Energy and Resources Group. At ERG, she works on ... Continue Reading »
- environmental justice
- Green New Deal
- Low-Carbon Transport
The Kelp Catalyst: Marine Aquaculture, Food Security, and Local Economies in Alaska (MS ’22) While Sean is particularly interested in food systems, urban agriculture and food sovereignty, he is also ... Continue Reading »
Measuring California’s Energy Service Affordability (MS ’19) Christian is fascinated by energy end-uses’ effect on communities’ economic and political well-being. While his formal scientific background is in biorenewable resources, his ... Continue Reading »
- energy policy
- equitable energy access
- rural electrification
Ohio Industrial Electricity Rates: Is the Price Right? (MS ’19) Peter is interested in investigating the market and regulatory barriers to technological solutions to renewable energy generation, net-zero buildings, and ... Continue Reading »
Effects of Electricity Consumption and Rate Design on Solar Plus Storage-enabled Grid Defection (MS ’19) “Sunsetting the Grid? Opportunities for Customer-Sited Solar and Storage in Modern Electricity Systems (PhD ’22) ... Continue Reading »
- Demand Side Management
- Distributed energy resources
- electricity storage
- energy policy
- renewable energy
Predicting the future of forests under global change: the critical role of the regeneration process (PhD ’22) Adam is a PhD focused on ecosystem modeling and remote sensing. His research ... Continue Reading »
- Earth System Models
- Forest Regeneration
- Movement Ecology
- remote sensing
- Vegetation Dynamics
- Wildlife Ecology
Environmental, Economic, and Social Trade-Offs of Hydropower Relicensing (MS ’16) Joseph is interested in the social, environmental, and economic trade-offs in energy development, and in particular the social conflicts arising ... Continue Reading »
ALUMNI SPOTLIGHT: ARNE JACOBSON Ph.D. 2004 Professor in the Department of Environmental Resources Engineering at Humboldt State University From his post at Humboldt State University, Arne Jacobson passionately extends ... Continue Reading »
- energy use and environmental impacts
- international development
- regional energy planning
- renewable energy
- renewable energy on Native American Reservation lands
- social and economic costs and benefits of energy use
Jason is interested in optimization and control of distributed energy resources to support renewable energy integration into the electricity grid. He works at Lawrence Berkeley National lab researching wholesale electricity ... Continue Reading »
- climate change
- demand response
- Distributed energy resources
- electric vehicles
- Electricity Grid and Markets
- renewable energy integration
Monkgogi (who goes by MK) was born and raised in Botswana and recently graduated cum laude with her BA from Scripps College in Environment, Economics, and Politics. Personally, MK has ... Continue Reading »
Policies for an Ecological Civilization: China, Carbon, and Economic Reform (PhD ’19) Cecilia is a PhD candidate at ERG. Her dissertation uses economic modeling and social science to critically analyze ... Continue Reading »
"In a sense, we’re going through a transition here. The industry is going through a transition that we’re only seeing the beginning of,” says Dr. Cyrus Wadia (PhD’08). Cyrus knows about transitions. He has been a policy advocate, business entrepreneur and scientific innovator for clean energy and human welfare prior, throughout and since his time at ERG. He has not only observed but has been part of the change in the world’s switch to solar. His multiple hats and his work on the frontline edge of policy, economics and science made him a perfect fit for the interdisciplinary program at ERG.
- investigating the resource economics of new material systems for photovoltaics
- nanocomposite photovoltaics
- novel PV device fabrication using aqueous chemistry of nanoparticles
ALUMNI SPOTLIGHT This ERG alumni spotlight features one of the first ERG graduate students, David Marcus (MA’77), and is written by ERG alumna, Sarita Sarvate (MS’78). The piece is the first ... Continue Reading »
ALUMNI SPOTLIGHT: SHARAD LÉLÉ Ph.D. 1993 Senior Fellow, Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (Bangalore) Sharad Lele never intended to become an academic. And even though his resume ... Continue Reading »
- alternative models of sustainable development
- analysis of energy use
- biomass resources and biodiversity
- forest ecosystem services
- resource economics
- socio-environmental factors affecting forests
- systems analysis of surface water resource systems
- watershed development
ALUMNI SPOTLIGHT Ann Kinzig Ph.D. ’94 Professor in the School of Life Sciences at Arizona State University Perhaps more than most alumni, Ann Kinzig’s intellectual path has traversed ERG’s interdisciplinary ... Continue Reading »
MPP, MS, PhD
Landing on the Sun! How to Make Residential PV Price-Competitive in the U.S. with Lessons Learned in Germany (MS/MPP ’12) Socio-Economic and Engineering Assessments of Renewable Energy cost Reduction Potential (PhD ... Continue Reading »
- electricity market design
- market integration of intermittent renewable electricity
- Renewable energy markets and policy
- technology learning
Justin’s background in botany and agroecology informs his research in perennial crop farming systems and woody biomass coppice. Most recently he has been researching tropical fodder bank systems in South ... Continue Reading »
Monica obtained her Masters in 2015 from the Energy and Resources Group. She is interested in electric vehicle adoption, alternative energy policy, and sustainable energy development. Her research involves modeling ... Continue Reading »
Ida Sognnaes is a PhD student in the Energy and Resources Group. She is originally from Norway and came to Berkeley for the first time as part of her five ... Continue Reading »
- Dynamical systems of energy and resources
- ecological economics
- Human-Natural Complex Networks
- Science and Technology Studies
Decarbonizing Residential Space and Water Heating in California (PhD ’17) Imran Sheikh is interested in creating business-led solutions to environmental problems, with a particular focus on energy efficiency. His current research ... Continue Reading »
Formerly a freelance writer and founding director of the Vietnam Green Building Council (2007-2009), Jalel remains a board member and international coordinator for Green Cities Fund (its NGO parent). In ... Continue Reading »
John Romankiewicz is an MS/MPP candidate in the Energy & Resources Group and Goldman School of Public Policy at UC Berkeley. He is the VP of Membership for the Berkeley ... Continue Reading »
Jess studies the impact of and adaptation to climate change on Latin America’s coasts. Currently, she travels on her 39-foot sailboat, Oleada, down the Pacific coast of Mexico and Central ... Continue Reading »
- climate adaptation
- coastal resilience
- international development
- narratives as science
- renewable energy mapping
- rural resources
- Science communication
- visual media
Andrea graduated from UC Merced with a BS in Applied Mathematics on Engineering Mechanics and a minor in Writing. During her time at UCM, Andrea interned for UCM Facilities as ... Continue Reading »
Hongyou is a concurrent MS-MPP student in ERG and the Goldman School of Public Policy. She also works at the China Energy Group of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Her ... Continue Reading »
Ready-to-use? Bridging the Climate Science Usability Gap for Adaptation (PhD ’19) Kripa’s research interests are in the field of climate change adaptation and climate-resilient planning. Her PhD focuses on improving ... Continue Reading »
- Carbon markets
- climate change
- climate-resilient planning
- co-production of knowledge
- science usability
- stakeholder engagement
Gang’s research work focuses on energy modeling, energy economics, energy and climate policy, coal and power sectors and their key role in both the global energy supply and in international ... Continue Reading »
- climate change
- coal and power
- energy and water
- Energy economics
- Energy modeling
- renewable integration
India’s Low Carbon Electricity Futures (PhD ’17) Ranjit’s research efforts largely focus on addressing the clean energy and energy access challenges in developing nations. As part of both the International ... Continue Reading »
- demand response
- energy access and micro-grids in developing countries
- energy markets
- Energy modeling
- Power Systems
- renewables integration
Zubair is a Master’s student who researches water policy and management of international river basins, and is particularly focused on hydro-politics of the Indus basin. He has researched the relationship ... Continue Reading »
- Energy Efficiency
- Hydroelectric Power Projects
- International Conflicts
- River Basin Management
- Water and Renewable Energy
- Water Resource Management
Taking the Man Out of Manufacturing: Drivers and Components of Industrial Sector Low-Carbon Transformation (PhD ’17) Nate Aden completed his PhD at the Energy and Resources Group at UC Berkeley and is ... Continue Reading »
News (57 results)Top
Misplaced Praise – How Kosovo Took a Step in the Wrong Direction
March 13, 2018
The U.S. government recently congratulated the government of Kosovo for signing a contract with American multi-national corporation Contour Global to build a new 500 MW coal-fired power plant. Kosovo highlights ... Continue Reading »
Margaret Torn Recognized for Exceptional Scientific Achievement by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
November 3, 2017
ERG Associate Professor Margaret Torn was recently granted LBNL’s 2017 Director’s Award for Exceptional Achievement in the Scientific category. “The Director’s Awards program recognizes significant achievements of Lab employees. Each year, ... Continue Reading »
ERG Alumni: Leaders at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
June 30, 2016
Two articles on the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory website featured the current work of ERG alumni Ryan Wiser (M.S. '96, Ph.D. '02) and Andrew Jones (M.S. '07, Ph.D. '12).
Advocating for Women on World Water Day
March 22, 2023
New commentary published in the Lancet on World Water Day (March 22) calls on researchers, policy makers, and professionals to strengthen their commitment to addressing gender inequities in global water delivery systems. Co-authored ... Continue Reading »
Q&A with ERG Researchers on Building a Climate Conscious Electrical Grid
August 16, 2022
ERG’s Liyang Wang and Andrew Jones were recently featured in a Q&A segment from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, where they answered questions about how grid planners might build resilient and ... Continue Reading »
ERG’s Dan Kammen on How Denser BART-Centered Housing Benefits the Environment
June 22, 2022
In an op-ed published in Berkeleyside, ERG’s Dan Kammen writes of how the construction of more mixed-income housing near the Ashby and North Berkeley BART stations would benefit the environment ... Continue Reading »
Report ERG Researchers at LBNL Hybrid Power Plants See Optimal Financial Return With 2-Hour Batteries
November 22, 2021
ERG PhD student Will Gorman (MS ’19) and Cristina Crespo Montanes (MS) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) were featured in a recent article in Utility Dive, sharing how ... Continue Reading »
Berkeley Lab and ERG’s Kammen Agree Electrifying Trucking Proves More Cost-Efficient
April 8, 2021
Electrified vehicles are just simply much cheaper to own and operate
NBC Features ERG Faculty and Alumni on Bay Area Climate Change Series
March 23, 2021
NBC's new series, titled "Bay Area Climate Change Hotspots", features ERG alumni Heather Cooley, Zeke Hausfather, and ERG adjunct professor Margaret Torn. Watch the full series with the link here.
Alumni ERG Students
January 21, 2021
Current ERG PhD student Julia Szinai, alumnus Ranjit Deshmukh, ERG professor Dan Kammen, and assistant adjunct professor Andrew Jones were recently featured by UCSB for their leading research in "Power, Water and Climate". Working with researchers from UC Santa Barbara and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, they developed "a framework evaluating the impacts of climate change on California’s water and energy systems".
ERG Dan Kammen on What the Biden-Harris Victory Means For COVID-19 & Climate Change
November 16, 2020
ERG professor Dan Kammen recently published an op-ed on the Daily Californian, discussing the powerful impact the Biden-Harris victory has on addressing the issues of COVID-19 and climate change. Kammen further states that the new leadership's energy and climate platform can be a game-changer for achieving social and climate justice. "Science, social justice and both domestic and global partnerships to address climate change are now back on the agenda in the United States," Kammen writes. "More than any one specific action, the commitment Biden has already shown to a science-driven administration is critically important domestically and worldwide."
ERG Professor Kueppers’ Research on Climate-Threatened Forests Published in Science
June 5, 2020
ERG Professor Lara Kueppers recently co-authored a research paper titled "Pervasive shifts in forest dynamics in a changing world". The research focuses on how global warming negatively impacts forests around the world, "resulting in shorter and younger trees with broad impacts on global ecosystems." Furthermore, the paper was picked up on various media sources, including Forbes, Science, Berkeley Lab, and others.
Kammen Deems Biden’s Climate Plans as “Not Ambitious Enough”
March 10, 2020
ERG Professor Dan Kammen was recently cited on The New Republic for an article titled "Joe Biden’s Sketchy Climate Record".
ERG PhD Student Szinai and Alumnus Gopal Link Grid Costs to Electric Vehicle Charge Management
March 9, 2020
ERG PhD student Julia Szinai, ERG Alumnus Anand Gopal, and two other co-authors from Lawrence Berkeley National Lab have recently published a collaborative research paper on ScienceDirect.
Distinguished Scientist and ERG Emeritus Remembering Jack Hollander
December 3, 2019
ERG emeritus professor Jack M. Hollander passed away on November 10, 2019 at age 92.
Berkeley Leadership on Climate and Justice: ERG Chair Kammen Comments
September 23, 2019
ERG Professor and Chair Dan Kammen writes an op-ed in the Daily Californian commenting on activism at UC Berkeley and the global climate strike.
ERG Alumnus Patrick Gonzalez Speaks to Congress on Climate Change
June 27, 2019
ERG alum, Dr. Patrick Gonzalez presents scientific findings to Representative Mike Quigley and other members of the U.S. House of Representatives Sustainable Energy and Environment Coalition Members in the U.S. Capitol
Dan Kammen and Tom Steyer Comment on the Adverse Effects of Climate Change on Biodiversity
June 6, 2019
A recent report released from the United Nations details the threat that climate change and human activities pose to hundreds of thousands of plant and animal species and their biodiversity. ... Continue Reading »
housing policy is climate policy Kammen and Senator Wiener: For America’s cities
March 25, 2019
In an op-ed today in the New York Times, professor Dan Kammen and state Senator Scott Wiener are blunt: “To solve the climate crisis, we have to solve the housing crisis.”
ERG Alum Patrick Gonzalez Testifies Before Congress as Expert Witness
February 21, 2019
During a recent House Natural Resources Committee event titled “Climate Change and Public Lands: Examining Impacts and Considering Adaptation Opportunities,” ERG alumnus Patrick Gonzalez (PhD ’97) provided testimony as an ... Continue Reading »
Campus and Alumni Mourn the Passing of ERG Professor Gene Rochlin
November 28, 2018
It is with a very heavy heart that I have to pass on the news that University of California Berkeley Energy and Resources Group (ERG) core faculty emeritus Gene Rochlin passed away this weekend.
ERG PhD Student Kripa Jagannathan Spotlighted for California Outreach
November 1, 2018
As a graduate student in the UC Cooperative Extension Program, Kripa Jagannathan has the opportunity to supplement her research at ERG with outreach to California farmers and water utilities officials. ... Continue Reading »
Faculty and Alumni Encourage You to Vote! ERG Students
October 10, 2018
As the November 6, 2018 midterm elections approach, the Energy and Resources Group faculty, students, and alumni are taking action to increase voter participation. We encourage all voices to be heard ... Continue Reading »
Carbon Loopholes: Report by ERG Student Cecilia Springer in New York Times
September 6, 2018
In an article examining the costs of carbon pollution "outsourcing" this week, The New York Times featured a report co-authored by ERG student Cecilia Springer.
Paper Authored by PhD Candidate Noah Kittner and Professor Dan Kammen Published in Nature Energy
August 16, 2017
Noah Kittner and Dan Kammen's new paper, "Energy storage deployment and innovation for the clean energy transition," was published in Nature Energy on July 31, 2017
ERG Faculty Margaret Torn Honored in the American Geophysical Union’s 2017 Class of Fellows
July 31, 2017
We are pleased to announce that ERG faculty member Margaret Torn has been selected in the 2017 class of American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fellows. From the official announcement: “AGU Fellows ... Continue Reading »
New Study by ERG Postdoc James Rising Finds Northern States Might Profit as the Planet Warms
July 6, 2017
If you live in the South, climate change could kill your economy.
Sustainable Design of Communities: Kammen and Fraker in Scientific American
July 5, 2017
Neighborhood efforts to reduce fossil fuel and water consumption, as well as greenhouse gas emissions, could go beyond serving as a model for sustainability by providing local construction jobs and revitalizing entire communities.
ERG Professor Emeritus: Higher Education for a Post-Growth World Norgaard
June 30, 2017
The economy ... really is the world's greatest faith-based organization
ERG Professor Callaway – Solar Power in Africa
April 3, 2017
ERG Professor Duncan Callaway comments on renewable energy in Africa, noting the advancements in solar technology in Crescent Vale News.
ERG-led THIMBY Wins Categories in Tiny House Competition
October 25, 2016
The Tiny House in My Backyard (THIMBY) team won several categories in the 2016 Sacramento Municipal District Tiny House Competition.
Alum Epstein Explores Resilient Farming Systems in Post-disaster Nepal
June 20, 2016
"On the 25th and 26th of April and 12th of May Nepal was struck by massive earthquakes. One year later we wanted to explore which farming systems fared better or worse after this natural disaster. "
Kammen on Utah Governor Signing Bill to Advance Oakland Coal Plan
March 29, 2016
ERG professor Dan Kammen discusses the new construction of an Oakland cargo terminal that could be used to export Utah coal with KQED News.
ERG PhD Student on Methane Threat to Clean Power Plan Targets
February 16, 2016
ERG PhD student Zeke Hausfather examines threats to the Clean Power Plan that the EPA might have overlooked.
Kammen on Al Jazeera: Companies profit by going green
August 25, 2015
Watch ERG professor Dan Kammen explain how going green is more than just good publicity.
but scientists say the work’s just begun. Obama’s Clean Power Plan is finally out
August 5, 2015
ERG Professor Daniel Kammen was featured in two magazine publications regarding Obama's Clean Power Plan and the impacts it might have on the U.S. population.
Rand Receives DOE Award for Wind Advocacy
May 19, 2015
DOE's Wind Program honors ERG graduate student for impact on wind power advocacy
NSF & More ERG Awards: Switzer Fellowships
May 14, 2015
3 current Switzer fellows, 2 more NSF fellows, and more. See the list of awards ERG students have received.
Siegner finalist in Feeding the Planet’s Storyfest
May 3, 2015
Signer writes about the potential of urban foraging
CAL-RAE to pilot solar solar microgrid design in rural Uganda
May 2, 2015
PhD candidate Jalel Sager, Austin Cappon (ERG minor) and Jonathon Lee to pilot solar microgrid design this spring
Zoë Chafe leads new WHO Report
March 12, 2015
"We wanted to help policymakers and members of the general public understand that household heating with biomass is a complicated issue," says ERG PhD candidate Zoë Chafe.
Why people use less energy on Super Bowl Sunday
January 28, 2015
Data provided by Joseph Kantenbacher, ERG PhD candidate, underpins an analysis showing how it is that significantly less energy is used by Americans on Super Bowl Sunday.
Kripa Jagannathan selected for UC Food Fellowship
December 28, 2014
ERG Master's-PhD To ssess the accuracy of different climate models at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Kripa Jagannathan selected for UC Food Fellowship
December 8, 2014
At LBNL, the ERG Master's-PhD student will assess the accuracy of different climate models in predicting specific metrics that are relevant for farmer’s decision making needs.
Apte & Team Find Alarming Pollution Levels
November 26, 2014
ERG alum measures air quality while riding rickshaws in Delhi.
3 Generations of ERGies Converge in Delhi
November 18, 2014
UCB faculty, staff and alumni meet Dr. John Holdren at the India-US Science and Technology Summit in New Delhi.
Dr. Kammen on the Commitment Accounting Conversation in NYT
August 29, 2014
How should we count carbon? New dialogue on power plants sparked by recent Environmental Research Letters paper.
Professor Ray & Team Selected for 2014 Obama-Singh Award
August 25, 2014
The Berkeley team will work with faculty from IIT Bombay on a 3-year effort titled the Sustainable Indian Water Infrastructure Project (SIWIP): A Systems Approach.
Obama’s Carbon Rules Bring Urban Flooding Closer to Home
June 17, 2014
"It seems as if after years of feet dragging the United States is finally willing to walk its climate talk," Dr. Malini Ranganathan (MS'05, PhD'10), Assistant Professor at American University.
Kammen on UC Climate Advisory Group
June 9, 2014
UC President forms Global Climate Leadership Council including UC professors and climate experts.
ERG Alum on the Executive Mansion’s Solar Installation
May 28, 2014
Watch White House scientists, including Dr. Cyrus Wadia (ERG MS'06, PhD'08), talk about the White House's shift toward renewables.
Holdren on Climate Change in the USA
May 6, 2014
Watch Dr. John Holdren, Assistant to the President for Science & Technology and ERG Co-founder, discuss the newly released National Climate Assessment report.
Narain calls for Reinventing India’s Growth
April 22, 2014
Watch Sunita Narain's "thought provoking and disturbing" conversation during ERG's 20th Annual Lecture co-hosted with the Center for South Asia Studies.