Please note: This is a full list of ERG course offerings; not all courses are offered each term. For current course offerings, please refer to the online Schedule of Classes.

ENERES 39A – Freshman and Sophomore Seminar: Complex Systems, Information Theory, and “Big Data”
John Harte
A premise of this seminar is that science, evolving relentlessly toward greater unification, will look very different by the middle of this century than it does today. The seminar’s goal is to explore, using history as a guide, possible directions that science may take in the decades ahead. We emphasize the recurring themes of exploiting data, unification, and especially the increasing role of information-theoretic and statistical modes of inference. Keeping our eye on the rising sea of available data, and the lessons gleaned from history; in the second half of the seminar we focus on the current quest to better understand highly complex systems. Readings include works of Jaynes, England and other contemporary “complexity scientists”. We ask: what is a “complex system”, what if anything is new about complexity science, and what kind of “big theory” of complex systems might emerge over the coming decades that could best utilize, and keep us from drowning in, big data?

ENERES 98/198 – Energy DeCal
Daniel Kammen (Instructor of Record); class conducted by undergraduate students
Introduction to energy topics and explore the social, environmental and economic consequences of our carbon-based economy. Includes guest speakers, article presentations, projects, discussions, and films to explore the energy cycle; tracing its origins, distribution, consumption and waste.

ENERES C100 /C200 – Energy and Society
Daniel Kammen
You will develop an understanding – and a real working knowledge – of our energy technologies, policies and options. This will include analysis of the different opportunities and impacts of energy systems that exist within and between groups defined by national, regional, household, ethnic, and gender distinctions. Analysis of the range of current and future energy choices will be stressed, as well as the role of energy in determining local environmental conditions and the global climate. ER C100 is open to undergraduates. ER C200 is open to graduate students.  Cross-listed with Pub Pol C184/C284.

ENERES 101 – Ecology and Society
John Harte
Introduction to the many ways in which our lives are intertwined with the ecosystems around us. Topics will include ecological limits to growth, climate change and other threats to biodiversity, the value of ecosystem goods and services, the ecology of disease, ecotoxicology, the evolution of cooperation in ecosystems, industrial ecology, and the epistemology of ecology. Prerequisites: One college level course, or high school Advanced Placement, in either physics or biology; introductory calculus.

ENERES 102 – Quantitative Aspects of Global Environmental Problems
John Harte
Human disruption of biogeochemical and hydrological cycles; causes and consequences of climate change and acid deposition; transport and health impacts of pollutants; loss of species; radioactivity in the environment; epidemics.

ENERES 175/275 – Water and Development
Isha Ray
Introduction to water policy in developing countries. It is a course motivated by the fact that over one billion people in developing countries have no access to safe drinking water, three billion do not have sanitation facilities, and many millions of small farmers do not have reliable water supplies to ensure a healthy crop. Readings and discussions will cover: the problems of water access and use in developing countries; the potential for technological, social, and economic solutions to these problems; the role of institutions in access to water and sanitation; and the pitfalls of the assumptions behind some of today’s popular “solutions.”  ER 175 is open to undergraduates; 275 is open to graduate students.

ENERES 176/276 – Climate Change Economics
David Anthoff
This course is a self-contained introduction to the economics of climate change. Climate change is caused by a large variety of economic activities and many of its impacts will have economic consequences. Economists have studied climate change for more than two decades and economic arguments are often powerful in policy decisions. The course will familiarize students with these arguments and equip them with the tools to participate in discussions of climate change policy through an economic lens.

ENERES 180/280 – Ecological Economics in Historical Context
Jalel Sager
Cross-listed with Environmental Economics & Policy C180.
Economists through history have explored economic and environmental interactions, physical limits to growth, what constitutes the good life, and how economic justice can be assured. Yet economists continue to use measures and models that simplify these issues and promote bad outcomes. Ecological economics responds to this tension between the desire for simplicity and the multiple perspectives needed to understand complexity in order to move toward sustainable, fulfilling, just economies.

ENERES 201 – Interdisciplinary Analysis in Energy and Resources
ERG Faculty
Required for and limited to new ERG Master’s students. Introduction to interdisciplinary analysis as it is practiced in the Energy and Resources Group (ERG).  Most of the course consists of important perspectives on energy and resources issues introduced through a particularly influential book or set of papers.  The course also provides an introduction to the current research activities of the ERG faculty and practical knowledge and skills necessary to successfully complete graduate school in an interdisciplinary program.

ENERES 254 – Electric Power Systems
Duncan Callaway
Three hours of lecture per week.  Prerequisites: Physics 7B or 8B or equivalent.
Provides an understanding of concepts in the design and operation of electric power systems, including generation, transmission, and consumption. Covers basic electromechanical physics, reactive power, circuit and load analysis, reliability, planning, dispatch, organizational design, regulations, environment, and end-use efficiency, and new technologies.

ENERES C271 – Energy and Development Doctoral Seminar
Daniel Kammen
This graduate seminar will examine the theoreitcal frames and models used to examine the linkages between energy and development, and the impacts of one on the other. Some interdisciplinary course background is essential. Students will be expected to draw from tools taught in the prerequisite courses that cover topics including resource and sustainability science, dynamical modeling, political economy, and other fields.

ENERES 273 – Social Science Methods
Isha Ray
This course aims to introduce graduate students to the rich diversity of research methods that social scientists have developed for the empirical aspects of their work. Its primary goal is to encourage critical thinking about the research process: how we “know,” how we match research methods to research questions, how we design and conduct our information/data collection, what we assume explicitly and implicitly, and the ethical dilemmas raised by fieldwork-oriented studies.

ENERES C283 – Information and Communications Technology for Development
Isha Ray and Anna Lee Saxenian
A review of current literature and debates regarding Information and Communication Technologies and Development (ICTD). This is an interdisciplinary and practice-oriented field that draws on insights from economics, sociology, engineering, computer science, management, public health, etc. Cross-listed with School of Information INFO 283.

ENERES 290 – Assessing Building Energy Use and Indoor Environmental Quality (Crosslisted with Arch 249)
Stefano Schiavon and Duncan Callaway
This course will revolve around the energy and indoor environmental quality assessment of buildings on the UC Berkeley campus, making heavy use field measurements, data analysis and surveys. Includes a mix of lectures and field trips to buildings. Topics include heating, cooling, ventilation, energy benchmarking, indirect energy modeling, post occupancy evaluation, indoor environmental quality assessment, and basic economic modeling tools. Evaluation based on homework assignments and one final group project. Limited to senior undergraduates and graduate students. Prereq Arch 140, ER200 or equivalent, plus graduate standing or consent instructors.

ENERES 290 – Scaling Laws in the Natural and Social Sciences
John Harte

This seminar explores a variety of proposed scaling laws and relationships that could provide insight into the complex systems that are a focus of fields as diverse as physiology, ecology, economics, linguistics, and geology. The validity of proposed scaling relationships approaches to deriving them from models and theory, and possible applications are all fair game. Examples of applications are estimating extinction rates in ecology, deriving insight into issues of social equity in economics, estimating risk in seismology. Students are each responsible for selecting a paper on scaling, and then presenting to the seminar a summary and critique of the paper’s contents.

ENERES 292 A – Master’s Seminar: Tools of the Trade
(ERG Instructional Staff)
Recommended for Energy and Resources Master’s students in the fall of their first year. Limited to ERG graduate students.  Quantitative methods for energy and resource analysis. Topics include linear algebra, differential equations, statistical methods, chemical equilibrium theory and thermodynamics.

ENERES 292 B – Master’s Seminar
Required for, and limited to, Energy and Resources Master’s candidates in the spring of their first year. Topics include research skills, critical reading and analysis of research papers; development of Master’s project ideas. Human subject research issues, ethics and protocols introduced.

ENERES 292C – Master’s Seminar
Required of, and limited to, first-year Energy and Resources Master’s students in the fall of their second year.  Topics include the adoption of a research project, research design, presentation of work, statistical analyses. Students will apply the interdisciplinary methods, approaches and perspectives learned in the core curriculum.

ENERES 292D – Master’s Seminar
Required of and limited to second-year Energy and Resources Master’s students in the spring of their second year. Topics include the adoption of a research project, research design, presentation of work, statistical analyses.  Students will apply the interdisciplinary methods, approaches and perspectives learned in the core curriculum. Sequence begins spring each year.

ENERES 295 – ERG Colloquium: Special Topics in Energy and Resources
Duncan Callaway with guest speakers
Presentations of research in energy issues by faculty, students, and visiting lecturers. Master’s degree students required to enroll for two semesters.

ENERES 296 – Doctoral Seminar
Isha Ray with guest speakers
Presentations of current Ph.D. research. Limited to ERG graduate students.

ENERES 299 – Independent Research
For information on independent research units with individual faculty members please contact the department at