John’s research is primarily concerned with macro-energy systems analysis. He is interested in the life cycle characteristics of renewable energy systems, with a current focus on the carbon drawdown potential of BECCS and other product pathways in the bioeconomy. He is also interested in the qualitative changes implied by future energy pathways by way of metrics such as EROI (net energy analysis). Not content to stay in his lane, his interests are informed by a fascination with the political economy of energy and the perspectives that both the orthodox and heterodox (ecological) schools of economics bring to the table. John’s training prior to graduate school was in spatial analysis, GIS, and remote sensing.