Gang’s research work focuses on energy modeling, energy economics, energy and climate policy, coal and power sectors and their key role in both the global energy supply and in international climate policy framework. He also studies the interdisciplinary aspects of global climate change and the development of lower-carbon energy sources. He was a research associate with Stanford University’s Program on Energy and Sustainable Development (PESD) from 2008–2010. He holds an M.A. from Columbia University on Climate and Society and a B.S. from Peking University on Geography.